What Are the 7 Elements of Graphic Design?

Graphic design is an important part of any business’s branding and marketing efforts, and understanding the seven elements of graphic design is essential for anyone looking to create effective visual communications. The seven elements are Point, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, Value and Color.

Each element has its own unique characteristics and functions that should be taken into account when designing a layout.

Point – A point refers to a single dot or pixel on the screen. It is the smallest element of graphic design and can be used to create lines, shapes or textures. Points can be used to draw attention to specific areas or to create movement in a design.

Line – Lines are created by connecting two points together and provide structure for designs. They can be used to separate sections or mark boundaries between elements. Lines can also be used to create texture in a design by creating patterns.

Shape – Shapes are formed when lines are connected together creating enclosed areas. Basic shapes such as squares, circles, triangles and rectangles are often used in graphic design along with more complex shapes such as polygons or freeform shapes.

Form – Forms are three-dimensional objects that appear solid with height, width and depth. Forms can add interest to a design by creating the illusion of space.

Texture – Texture refers to the surface quality of an object which can be seen through its color or pattern. Textures can add depth and dimension to a design by providing visual interest.

Value – Value refers to the lightness or darkness of an area in a design. It is created through gradation from white (the lightest value) to black (the darkest value). Values help create contrast within designs.

Color – Color is one of the most powerful elements in graphic design as it provides contrast and emotion. Colors convey different meanings depending on their hue and saturation level so they should be chosen carefully when designing visuals.




Graphic design relies on seven core elements for success: Point, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, Value and Color. Each element has unique characteristics that should be considered when designing visuals as they all work together to create an effective composition.