Central Park, located in the heart of Manhattan, is an iconic part of New York City’s culture. The park has been around since 1857 and has served as a place of respite for millions of people.
Its beautiful landscape design has been a source of inspiration for other parks throughout the world. So, what were the models for Central Park’s landscape design?
English Landscape Garden Movement
The primary model for Central Park’s landscape design was the English Landscape Garden Movement. This movement was popular in Europe during the late 18th century and early 19th century and emphasized a more naturalistic approach to landscaping.
It featured informal paths, native plants, and picturesque views that provided visitors with a sense of serenity and escape from the hustle and bustle of everyday life.
In addition to the English Landscape Garden Movement, Frederick Law Olmsted, who was the lead designer of Central Park, also drew inspiration from various sources such as Rousseau’s “natural simplicity”, Andrew Jackson Downing’s “picturesque style”, and Humphry Repton’s “gardenesque style”.
Olmsted also took into consideration where certain features should be placed within Central Park in order to create an aesthetically pleasing environment. He carefully selected which trees to plant based on their size, shape, and color in order to create a unique landscape that would provide visitors with an immersive experience. He also created winding paths throughout the park that allowed visitors to explore different areas without feeling overwhelmed or lost.
Through careful planning and consideration of various sources, Olmsted created a beautiful landscape design for Central Park that is still admired today. The park serves as an example of how nature can be incorporated into urban environments in order to provide respite from our modern lives.
The models for Central Park’s landscape design were primarily drawn from English Landscape Garden Movement as well as influences from Rousseau’s “natural simplicity”, Andrew Jackson Downing’s “picturesque style” and Humphry Repton’s “gardenesque style”. Through careful planning by Frederick Law Olmsted, he created a beautiful landscape design that is still admired today.