What Are the Five Elements of Landscape Design?

Landscape design is the art of creating an outdoor space that is pleasing to the eye, functional and harmonious with its surroundings. It involves creating a plan for how to use the space, choosing plants, furniture and other materials and then implementing the plan.

The five elements of landscape design are form, line, texture, color and scale.

Form: Form is the overall shape of the landscape and refers to the shapes created by plants, structures, paths and other features. Form can be manipulated through planting design or hardscaping such as walls or fencing. It can be used to create curves or straight lines and can also be used to create a sense of balance or harmony in a landscape.

Line: Line refers to any linear element in the landscape such as paths, walls or fences. Lines can be used to lead your eye around a space or create boundaries between different areas. Lines also affect how we experience a space as they direct our movement through it.

Texture: Texture refers to how something feels when touched or seen from a distance. Different materials have different textures such as wood, stone or metal which can be used in landscaping for visual interest. Different plants also have different textures such as smooth leaves versus rough bark.

Color: Color is an important element of landscape design as it provides contrast and visual interest. Color can be used to draw attention to certain features in a landscape or create an atmosphere of tranquility. Color is typically achieved through planting but may also include hardscaping materials such as stone.

Scale: Scale refers to how large something appears in relation to its surroundings. Scale is important when designing landscapes because it helps ensure that all elements fit together harmoniously and appear visually pleasing from any angle.

The five elements of landscape design — form, line, texture, color and scale — are essential for creating an aesthetically pleasing outdoor space that functions well with its surroundings. By understanding these elements you will be able to create a design that looks great from every angle while still being functional and harmonious with its environment.


The five elements of landscape design are form, line, texture, color and scale which combine together to create aesthetically pleasing outdoor spaces that are functional while also being harmonious with their surroundings.