What Is the Golden Ratio in Landscape Design?

The Golden Ratio in Landscape Design is a mathematical equation that is used to create aesthetically pleasing outdoor spaces. It is based on the Fibonacci sequence, which is a series of numbers starting with zero and one and then each number in the sequence being the sum of the two preceding numbers.

The Golden Ratio has been used in landscape design for centuries, dating back to ancient Greece. It is believed that the ratio creates an aesthetically pleasing relationship between elements, making it ideal for use in landscaping. The ratio is 1:1.618, with the larger number representing the longer side of a rectangle and the smaller number representing the shorter side.

The main purpose of using the Golden Ratio in landscape design is to create balance and harmony within an outdoor space. By using this ratio, designers can create a harmonious composition with elements such as plants, trees, shrubs and other materials that are both visually appealing and functional.

When it comes to plants, trees and shrubs, they should be arranged according to their size and shape in order to achieve optimal visual balance. For example, if there are two trees of different sizes in an outdoor space, they should be placed on either side of an area that’s equal distance away from each other according to their size.

In addition to plants and trees, designers can also incorporate hardscaping features such as pathways or patios into their design. These features should be positioned according to the Golden Ratio as well in order to create a balanced look within an outdoor space.


The Golden Ratio has been used for centuries in landscape design for its ability to create aesthetically pleasing compositions with elements such as plants and hardscaping features. This ratio creates balance and harmony within an outdoor space by arranging elements according to size and shape while simultaneously providing functionality within a given area. By incorporating this ratio into their designs, landscape designers can create beautiful outdoor spaces that are both visually appealing and functional.