Graphic design has been around for centuries, but when did graphic design as we know it today, actually start?
The answer lies in the 1880s when the invention of lithography allowed for mass printing of illustrated pieces. This new technology ushered in an era of unprecedented visual communication and opened up a new world of possibilities for graphic designers. The first company to develop this technology was the Ferdinand Heine & Co., who developed a lithographic printing process that used flat printing plates to create identical multiples of an image.
The birth of modern graphic design can be traced back to the Arts and Crafts Movement in Britain during the late 19th century. This movement focused on the importance of craftsmanship and handmade items over mass-produced ones. This resulted in a resurgence in traditional skills such as lettering and illustration, which then led to the development of modern graphic design techniques such as typography, layout, and composition.
The invention of photography changed the face of graphic design forever. It allowed for more realistic images to be created quickly and cheaply, which meant that images could now be included in printed materials without having to be drawn or painted by hand. This revolutionized the way graphics were created and meant that designers could now focus on creating beautiful layouts rather than worrying about accurately recreating images from life.
Through developments such as these, modern graphic design was born and has been continuously evolving ever since. The introduction of computers into the equation in the 1980s allowed designers to create complex layouts with ease while digital photography meant that they no longer had to rely on traditional methods like film photography or hand drawing for creating visuals.
In short, modern graphic design began its evolution in the late 19th century with advances in printing technology, but reached its current form with the advent of computers in the 1980s when digital media became commonplace. Since then, advancements have been made at a rapid pace with new tools allowing designers to push their creative boundaries even further every day.
Graphic Design has come a long way since its inception during the late 19th century Arts and Crafts Movement when lithography was first used by Ferdinand Heine & Co.. Since then, technological advancements such as photography, computers, and digital media have all played a pivotal role in shaping modern-day graphic design.