What Is the Difference Between Layout and Graphic Design?

Layout and graphic design are two closely related yet distinct elements of the overall design process. Although they can be seen as part of the same creative sphere, there are some key differences between them.

Layout is the process of organizing and arranging elements within a design. It is about creating a structure and hierarchy to ensure that all the components work together to create a cohesive whole.

Layout is concerned with how information is presented, what size and shape it will take, and how much space it will occupy.

Graphic design, on the other hand, focuses more on the visual aspect of a project. It involves selecting colors, fonts, images and other visuals to create an attractive design that conveys a message or idea in an effective manner. Graphic designers are also responsible for creating logos, illustrations and other imagery.

The main difference between layout and graphic design lies in their purpose. Layout is concerned with arranging elements in an aesthetically pleasing way that also serves its intended purpose, while graphic design focuses on creating visuals that communicate a message or idea.

Layout requires knowledge of typography and composition principles such as hierarchy, contrast and balance. Graphic design requires an understanding of color theory, visual communication techniques and the ability to create aesthetically pleasing visuals.


Layout and graphic design are two distinct yet related elements of the overall design process. Layout involves organizing information into a structure that is easy to understand while graphic design uses visuals such as color, fonts and images to create an attractive design with a strong visual impact.

Knowing the differences between these two disciplines can help designers create better designs.