What Is the Difference Between Horticulture and Landscape Design?

Horticulture and landscape design are both related to the practice of cultivating plants, but they are different in terms of their scope, objectives and methods. Horticulture is the science and art of cultivating plants for food, beauty, or medicinal purposes.

The main focus is on growing, harvesting, distributing and marketing fruits, vegetables, flowers and other plants. Landscape design is an art form focused on creating beautiful outdoor spaces for human enjoyment. It involves designing gardens, pathways and other landscapes that combine aesthetics with functionality.


Horticulture focuses on the cultivation of plants for commercial use or personal pleasure. It encompasses the study of plant physiology, genetics, pest management and soil management.

Landscape design focuses more on the visual aspect of gardening by arranging plants in a way that is aesthetically pleasing as well as practical. It involves an understanding of landscaping principles such as line and form as well as elements like color and texture to create a visually appealing space.


The primary objective of horticulture is to produce healthy foods or ornamental plants that are aesthetically pleasing while maximizing yields under certain environmental conditions. The primary objective of landscape design is to create attractive outdoor spaces that are functional while also meeting the needs of the people using them. This involves taking into account factors such as climate, soil type, existing vegetation and topography when designing a landscape plan.


Horticulture involves growing plants from seeds or cuttings in a controlled environment such as a greenhouse or garden bed. To ensure optimal growth conditions for each type of plant being grown, horticulturists may use special equipment like grow lights or hydroponic systems to provide adequate sunlight and water resources; however this isn’t always necessary depending on the type of plant being grown. Landscape design involves creating a plan for how different elements such as trees, shrubs, flowers and hardscaping materials will be arranged in an outdoor space to create a cohesive look that meets aesthetic goals while also providing practical benefits like shade or privacy screening.

Horticulture focuses on cultivation techniques used to produce healthy crops while landscape design is focused on creating aesthetically pleasing outdoor spaces that are both functional and enjoyable for humans to use. Both require knowledge of plant physiology but they differ in terms of their scope, objectives and methods used to achieve desired results