What Is Included in Landscape Design?

Landscape design is a creative process that involves the integration of form, function, and aesthetics to create an outdoor space that meets the needs of the user. It is often used to improve the overall look and feel of a property by adding features such as trees, shrubs, flowers, and other elements. Landscape design also helps to protect natural resources and conserve energy.

Design Principles – Landscape design typically follows certain principles such as unity, balance, scale, contrast, and hierarchy. Unity refers to creating a sense of harmony throughout the landscape by using similar elements in different areas. Balance is achieved by having equal amounts of hardscape (elements such as pathways and walls) and softscape (elements such as trees and plants).

Scale refers to having elements in proportion with each other. Contrast is used to add interest by having elements with different colors or textures next to each other. Hierarchy is used to create a sense of order in the landscape by having larger elements towards the back or center with smaller elements around them.

Functional Elements – Functional elements are an important part of landscape design. These include pathways, patios, decks, benches, fountains, ponds, garden beds and more.

Pathways provide access to different parts of the yard while patios provide a place for entertaining or relaxing outdoors. Decks can be used for entertaining or viewing nature while benches provide seating areas for people to rest or chat. Fountains add a decorative touch while ponds can be used for swimming or fishing.

Aesthetic Elements – Aesthetic elements are also important in landscape design. These include trees, shrubs, flowers and more that can be used to add color and texture to an outdoor space.

Trees can provide shade while shrubs offer privacy from neighbors or passersby. Flowers bring color into the landscape while providing food for pollinators like bees.


Landscape design is an art form that combines form, function, and aesthetics into an outdoor space that meets the needs of its users. Design principles like unity, balance, scale contrast and hierarchy are important components in creating beautiful landscapes while functional elements like pathways provide access points while aesthetic elements like trees add color and texture into spaces. By combining all these components together you can create an attractive outdoor space that functions well for everyone who uses it!