What Is a Vector in Graphic Design?

A vector in graphic design is a mathematical equation that describes the shape, size, and orientation of a two-dimensional or three-dimensional object. It is used to create digital images and graphics for use in various applications such as logos, websites, brochures, and more.

Vector graphics are often preferred over bitmap images because they are resolution-independent, meaning that they can be scaled up or down without losing any image quality. In addition, vector graphics are usually smaller in file size than bitmap images which makes them ideal for use on the web.

Vector files are created using a variety of computer software programs such as Adobe Illustrator, CorelDraw, Inkscape and more. These programs allow users to create shapes and lines by manipulating control points on the canvas.

This allows designers to create intricate designs without having to worry about pixelation or distortion when scaling up or down. Vector objects can also be manipulated using other tools such as rotation, shearing, scaling and more.

When creating a logo or other design project in vector format, it’s important to keep in mind the different file types available. Vector files typically come in either .EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) or .AI (Adobe Illustrator) formats and each has its own strengths. For example, EPS files are commonly used for print projects because they contain all of the vector information necessary to produce high-quality reproductions.


Vector graphics offer a range of benefits for graphic designers including scalability without loss of image quality. It is important to understand the different file types available when creating a vector design project so that you can ensure your project is optimized for its intended purpose. Vector graphics are an essential tool for any designer looking to create high-quality digital illustrations.