What Are Types of Landscape Design?

When it comes to landscaping, there are many different types of landscape design that can be used to enhance the beauty and functionality of a specific area. Landscape design focuses on the planning, organizing, and managing of land in order to create a desirable outdoor environment.

It can include elements such as paths, terraces, ponds, trees, shrubs, and flower beds.

A major part of landscape design is the selection of appropriate plants for the particular area and season. The selection process should consider factors such as climate and soil conditions as well as the type of plant that best fits the area. In addition, it is important to consider the overall aesthetic desired for the space in order to ensure a cohesive design.

Another type of landscape design is formal landscaping. This style typically involves symmetrical lines, precise curves and shapes, and manicured lawns or gardens. Formal landscaping often includes elements such as topiaries, fountains, statuary pieces, patios or decks with seating areas.

A more natural style of landscaping is known as informal landscaping. This style features plants with irregular shapes and sizes arranged in asymmetrical patterns.

Natural materials such as stone or wood are commonly used in informal designs while plantings tend to be more random than in formal designs. Informal designs often include winding pathways with areas for sitting or lounging.

Finally there is ecological or sustainable landscape design which seeks to reduce human impact on the environment by incorporating native plants into designs that promote water conservation and efficient use of resources. Native plants tend to require less maintenance than non-native species and provide important habitats for local wildlife.


Overall there are many types of landscape design available for creating an aesthetically pleasing outdoor space that is both functional and eco-friendly. Whether you prefer a formal or informal look; an eco-friendly approach; or simply planting flowers for beauty’s sake; there is a type of landscape design that will meet your needs.