What Are the Goals of Landscape Design?

Landscape design is an important part of architecture and landscape architecture, as it involves the planning and design of outdoor spaces. It incorporates elements such as plants, trees, shrubs, hardscaping, walkways, patios and many other features to create a pleasant and inviting outdoor environment.

It can be used to enhance the aesthetics of a property or to provide practical solutions for problems such as drainage or erosion. Landscape design also takes into account the cultural and natural resources of a particular area or region.

When it comes to landscape design, there are several goals that should be kept in mind. First and foremost, the goal is to create an aesthetically pleasing environment that complements the surrounding area.

This includes choosing appropriate plants, trees and other features that are in harmony with the surrounding environment. The landscape should also be designed with safety in mind; walkways should be placed in areas that are safe from traffic, while plants should be chosen for their low maintenance requirements.

In addition to aesthetics and safety, landscape design should also focus on sustainability. This means considering how the various elements will interact with each other over time and how they will affect the environment around them.

For example, native plants may need less water than non-native species; this can help conserve water resources and reduce pollution from runoff. Planting trees can also help reduce air pollution by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while providing shade for buildings nearby.

Finally, landscape design should strive to incorporate elements that promote healthy lifestyles among residents or visitors. This could include features such as walking paths or bike lanes that encourage people to get outdoors and exercise more often.

Seating areas or benches can also be included to give people a place to relax outdoors without having to move around too much. Similarly, birdbaths or birdhouses may attract wildlife which can provide an enjoyable experience for everyone who visits the space.


The goals of landscape design are multi-faceted; from creating an aesthetically pleasing environment that complements its surroundings to promoting sustainability through native plant species selection and encouraging healthy lifestyles through amenities such as bike lanes or seating areas – there is no shortage of objectives when it comes to designing outdoor spaces.