What Are the Environmental Issues in Product Design?

Product design is a broad field that covers the whole process by which goods are created and brought to market. It includes things like product concept, development, production, marketing, and distribution. This process has an important environmental impact because the way products are designed and produced can have a significant effect on the environment.

One of the most significant environmental issues in product design is resource consumption. The materials used in product design often come from non-renewable sources, such as fossil fuels and other natural resources.

These materials are extracted from the environment, processed, and then used to create products. This can lead to increased pollution and waste as well as resource depletion over time.

Another environmental issue in product design is end-of-life disposal. Many products are not designed with reuse or recycling in mind, leading to them being thrown away once they reach the end of their useful life. This leads to an increase in landfill waste as well as other forms of pollution caused by improper disposal.

The energy used during the production process is also an environmental issue in product design. The energy required for production processes can come from a variety of sources including fossil fuels or renewable sources such as solar or wind power. The energy used during production can have a significant impact on emissions levels depending on the source chosen and how it is managed during manufacturing processes.

Finally, packaging materials are also an environmental issue in product design. Product packaging often uses materials that cannot be recycled or reused efficiently leading to additional waste being generated when products reach their end of life stage. Packaging also requires transportation which increases emissions levels due to additional fuel consumption during transit times.


Product design has a significant impact on the environment due to its associated resource consumption, end-of-life disposal issues, energy usage during production processes, and packaging materials usage. To reduce this environmental impact it is important for designers to consider how their products will be designed and produced before bringing them to market.