What Are the 7 Elements of Landscape Design?

A landscape design is a complex process that requires a well-defined set of elements to create an aesthetically pleasing and functional outdoor space. The seven elements of landscape design are line, form, texture, scale, color, light, and plant material. Each element plays a critical role in creating a visually appealing and inviting outdoor environment.

Line is the foundation of any landscape design. It can be used to define pathways and edges, lead the eye to focal points, and create interest in a space. Lines can be created with hardscapes such as walkways or fences, or with plants such as hedges or trees.

Form is the shape of elements within the landscape. Forms can be geometric or organic and are used to create structure in the landscape. Forms can be created with hardscape elements such as walls or benches, or with plants such as trees or shrubs.

Texture refers to the physical characteristics of objects in the landscape. Texture can be used to add visual interest to an area by creating contrast between materials such as wood and stone, or between plants such as evergreens and perennials.

Scale refers to the size of objects relative to each other in a space. Using scale effectively allows for a transition from large focal points to smaller accents without overwhelming the overall design. Scale also helps create balance between elements within a space by allowing for larger furniture pieces with smaller plants surrounding them for example.

Color is an important element of any landscape design because it can draw attention to certain features while providing visual interest throughout the space. Color can be used with both hardscapes and plants and should always be used in conjunction with other elements like form and texture for optimal effect.

Light plays an important role in any outdoor space because it helps define areas while providing visibility at night time hours when natural lighting is not available. Light sources should be placed strategically around pathways and seating areas so that people feel comfortable navigating throughout their outdoor area after dark hours begin.

Plant Material is essential for any successful landscape design because it adds life, texture, color, form, scale and even light to an area when strategically placed around hardscapes like walkways or seating areas.

The seven elements of landscape design interact together seamlessly to create beautiful outdoor spaces that are both aesthetically pleasing and functional for all users.


The seven elements of landscape design – line, form, texture, scale, color light and plant material – work together harmoniously to create inviting outdoor spaces that are both aesthetically pleasing and functional for all users.