How Is the Industrial Design Classified in Locarno System?

Industrial design is an important part of modern industrial production and manufacturing. It involves the creation of products that are both aesthetically pleasing and functional. The Locarno Classification System categorizes industrial design into three main classes—utility, ornamentation, and aesthetic.

Utility refers to products that have a practical purpose. This includes items such as tools, machines, and vehicles. These typically have no added decorative elements but are designed with function in mind.

Ornamentation classifies items that are designed with visual appeal in mind.

This includes furniture, jewelry, clothing, and other decorative items. These usually have little practical use beyond their aesthetic value.

Aesthetic describes products that combine both utility and ornamentation in their design. This includes items such as cars, phones, computers, chairs, tables, and appliances. These usually have both form and function in mind when being designed.


The Locarno Classification System is an effective way to classify industrial designs into the three distinct categories of utility, ornamentation and aesthetic. This system allows for a more comprehensive understanding of each product’s design elements and how they contribute to its overall purpose.